Effectiveness or Efficiency

Disclaimer: This is not my original piece. I happened to receive and thought good to share with my network for the wonderful message this brings in.

A man was asked to paint a boat.

He brought with him paint and brushes and began to paint the boat a bright red, as the owner asked him.

While painting, he noticed that there was a small hole in the hull, and quietly repaired it.

When finished painting, he received his money and left.

The next day, the owner of the boat came to the painter and presented him with a nice cheque, much higher than the payment for painting.

The painter was surprised and said “You’ve already paid me for painting the boat Sir!”

“But this is not for the paint job. It’s for having repaired the hole in the boat.”

“Ah! But it was such a small service… certainly it’s not worth paying me such a high amount for something so insignificant.”

“My dear friend, you do not understand. Let me tell you what happened.

When I asked you to paint the boat, I forgot to mention about the hole.

When the boat dried, my kids took the boat and went on a fishing trip.

They did not know that there was a hole. I was not at home at that time.

When I returned and noticed they had taken the boat, I was desperate because I remembered that the boat had a hole.

Imagine my relief and joy when I saw them returning from fishing.

Then, I examined the boat and found that you had repaired the hole! You see, now, what you did? You saved the life of my children! I do not have enough money to pay your ‘small’ good deed.”

Just painting well without flaw is efficiency

Doing more than expected keeping in mind the purpose and fulfilling it is ‘Effectiveness’

Efficiency is process focussed ; Effectiveness is purpose focussed


As Gurudev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar ji of the Art of Living says, “It is not doing great things that produce great results, it is doing small important things perfectly”

Reliance Jio – Two Experts Opine

Update: 3rd September 2016. Reliance Jio website had the following plan terms and conditions updated as a clarification on 2nd September 2016. Calls will not be charged against the Data quota.

Source of the above image: Screengrab from http://www.jio.com/en-in/plans


Adding my two penny:

28 days validity = Customers make 13 payments in a year. Sweet Deal 🙂

In one of the expert article in this piece, it calculates 149 x 12 per year. Actually it is 149 x 13 per year (Multiply by consumers and Reliance makes a neat pick even here)

For those interested in a good comparison between service provider you can check out this piece : How cheap are the Reliance Jio Tariffs Anyway?

Presenting two articles posted by Experts on the much hyped Reliance Jio products, that was launched by Mukesh Ambani yesterday (1st September 2016).

“What’s the catch?” – By Divay Makkad

Long post, but do read if you are zapped by Reliance Jio (also share to spread awareness)

Lot of buzz around Reliance Jio .. but there has been one question lingering on all minds following this Launch ..

“What’s the catch?”

Reliance Jio Calls are not Normal Voice calls but VoLTE much similar to VOIP in termhttps://www.facebook.com/div.makkads of call measurement.

One thing which is not clear since it hasn’t been communicated, is that, would the data consumed by making this ‘voice’ (which actually is a data based) call be counted against your monthly quota of data?

And that is where the answer to the much intriguing question “What’s the catch” may lie.

There is a huge possibility that this being a data only, all the VoLTE calls will be metered and data used by the call will get deducted from your data plan, Just like WhatsApp just WhatsApp calls are App restricted but with Jio you can call other networks.

So now comes the main question, how much data would a HD Voice Call (VoLTE is HD Audio) consume.

If you do the maths, its 733 bits per 20 ms, roughly around 300 Kb per Minute. But this is theoretical, coz with overheads of network, the call would be around 500-700 Kb per minute.

Which means a 10 Minute call would cost you 5-7 MB of Data. This is how calls would start to be imagined, in terms of data not minutes. So considering Rs.149 plan, 10 minute call would cost roughly around Rs 3.5 which is not bad but should’ve communicated earlier.

(Edit: As mentioned in comments by someone who is actually using the trial, the VoLTE app shows 250 MB consumed for 100 calls.. Wow that is much higher than WhatsApp call.. And it will be coz its HD Voice on LTE)

Turns out with a little search that VoLTE is already prevalent in the US and people have faced similar concern as seen by these screenshots of chat between a user and T Mobile support with contradicting responses.

So it won’t be that you with Rs. 149 you make 100 Calls and get 300 MBs. The data that those 10 Calls consume, would deduct from your

Its a good service and has disrupted the market, but this one piece of communication would’ve made it even better.

So Mr. Ambani, please clarify only one thing .. Would the data used by VoLTE calls be accounted against Plan’s Actual Quota of Data? Coz if it does and its not communicated, even with this really good service, you are inviting a lot of nagging customers.

And the common thing that will be heard is, I made 250 calls and Used 100 MB of internet and now my 300 MB data is completely exhausted !!!

Please share so we can get more clarity and better communication from a communications company.

Divay Makkad's photo.


Link to Original Article on Facebook is below (If it is still available there)


A MUST READ CRITICAL EVALUATION! – By Vaithianathan Subramanian

Reliance Jio: The Champion of Revolutionary Digital India or Evolutionary Analog India?

I must admit that I was euphoric over the Reliance Jio launch today morning. Also, thanks to the media hype, I initially believed that it was a “revolutionary” service for data users like me who are glued to the internet all the time. But as the hours passed, reality began to sink in.
After some quick analysis, I have come to the conclusion that it is not for data users lke me who are constantly browsing the internet, but instead, it is actually for those who are constantly chattering on phone. i.e It is not for data (Digital India), but for voice (Analog India).

Let me take up some of the hyped up highlights & try to explain why it does not convince me to make a switch.

1) First & foremost, it is portrayed as the messiah for data users. All the news channels have been highlighting that the data charges on Reliance Jio is as low as Rs 50/GB. This is actually highly misleading because that low rate of Rs 50/GB would be applicable only when you buy the high end monthly pack of Rs 4,999 !! In that pack, you get around 75 GB which roughly translates to Rs 50/GB. But in a normal pack like Rs 499 per month, you get only 4 GB, which translates to around Rs 100/GB. And if you consider the Rs 19 pack which gives 100 MB, it translates to around Rs 190/GB.

2) In the entry level package of Rs 149 per month, although you get unlimited voice calls (which is highly appreciated), you get only 300 MB of data. So, it is definitely not for a data user like me, but for someone who hardly uses internet, and wants unlimited calling facility.

3) The Rs 19/day pack is marketed as the entry level chota pack which can cater to casual users who want to browse internet occasionally on a need basis. But there is nothing revolutionary about it because it offers only 100 MB for Rs 19 & the validity is 1 day. Suppose I am on the Rs 149/month pack and I exhaust my 300 MB within few days and one fine day I want to book an Ola cab or watch a 1 min YouTube video, then I must shell out a minimum of Rs 19. (There is no pack smaller than that). But if I am on Airtel/Idea/Vodafone, I can go for their Rs 9 pack and get 35 MB. i.e Instead of spending Rs 19 on Reliance Jio to book an Ola cab, I can recharge Rs 9 on Airtel & get the work done. Also, it is to be noted that Airtel/Idea offer 100 MB of 4G data for Rs 24 which has a validity of 3 days, which I feel is much better than Jio’s 100 MB of 4G data for Rs 19 which has a validity of just 1 day.

4) As explained above, the Rs 149/month pack makes no sense for data users because it gives only 300 MB. The next pack is the Rs 499/month pack which has 4 GB of data (along with the default unlimited calling feature). Since unlimited calling is available in both the Rs 149 pack as well as Rs 499 pack, then the only difference is that the 499 pack gives you additional 3.7 GB of data at an additional cost of Rs 350.
=> Rs 350 for 3.7 GB? Sorry, not convincing. Your own brother Anil Ambani & his competiors been offering 5-10 GB of data for less than Rs 400. Yes, I agree that while they are offering 3G, you are offering 4G, but at the end of the day, the total data remains the same. I mean, the incentive is not good enough to call your Rs 499 plan a “revolutionary”

5) Let me take up the next pack. Rs 999. I get 10 GB of data (along with the default unlimited calling feature).
Compared to the Rs 149 pack which already has unlimited calling feature, what I get in this pack is effectively 9.7 GB of data for Rs 850.
I am not impressed because if I spend a little extra, I can get unlimited 3G from BSNL. Yes, Unlimited 3G by BSNL for Rs 1099.
Check this:

6) Now that I have seen how even the Rs 999 pack fails to impress me, due to much better offering from BSNL. Why should I pay Rs 999 to Reliance for 10 GB data, when BSNL is offering me unlimited data for
Rs 1099?

What is my conclusion finally?
For a data user, Reliance Jio is not impressive. If the usage is more than 1 GB per month, then the Rs 149 pack should not even be considered because it has only 300 MB. In the next pack, Jio offers 4 GB data for Rs 499 which is not revolutionary, but since it says night time is unlimited, I think it can be called “evolutionary”. But still that is not such a great incentive to switch.
In the next plan which costs Rs 999, it offers only 10 GB, whereas BSNL gives me unlimited data for almost the same price.

That’s about my personal requirements.
Now let’s look at the overall benefit for the masses.

The only major advantage for the masses is the unlimited voice calling which can be availed for Rs 149 per month. In today’s scenario, most of the mobile users, especially among the working class, are actually prepaid users with free lifetime validity connections, upon which they regularly recharge Rs 20-30 which usually lasts for almost a month for them. For example, I personally know many taxi drivers, vegetable vendors, mechanics etc who hardly make outgoing calls. Even if they make an outgoing call, it would not last for more than a minute. Such people tend to use only Rs 30-50 talktime per month, for which only Rs 50 top-up recharge is sufficient. (Such recharges have unlimited validity and they usually prolong it for 2 months as well).
Now, if they must go for Jio just because the free voice calling is tempting, then it means they must shell out Rs 149, which lapses after 28 days (It has 28 days validity), after which they must again recharge Rs 149 and so on. For someone who is used to topup of Rs 20-30 per month (and that too on a need basis), such a mandatory cost of Rs 149/month sounds very expensive. That translates to around 149*12 = Rs 1800 per annum, compared to their existing habit of regular topups which might come up to a total of just 20*12 = Rs 240 per annum which is sufficient for their practical purposes.
That’s a whopping 6 times higher, just for unlimited voice calling, whether you really do unlimited calling or not.

(Some people might say that Rs 149 per month is very cheap, but let’s not forget that we are a nation where every rupee matters. We are a nation which does not give up even LPG subsidy so easily because even Rs 100 is important. So, the logic of “Rs 149 per month is nothing” might hold good for urban elite but not for rest of India).

So, as we can see, the only upside is unlimited voice, and not data. Even the unlimited voice for Rs 149 sounds high for the majority who are happy with their Rs 20-30 topup once in every 20-30 days.

Hence, it is difficult to categorize Reliance Jio as a revolutionary data service, but it can be a good voice service if one is into chattering regularly for 1 hour outgoing call every day.

Now that we have analyzed that the Jio plans are not revolutionary, can we atleast call it evolutionary? Not really. By claiming itself as a path for Digital India & provide internet to the masses, it might actually end up becoming popular only for its unlimited voice, and since voice services are considered “backward” (corollary of the rhetoric “data services are the future”), it is certainly not evolutionary.

This way, Jio, according to my analysis is chalking out the vision of “Analog India” (voice), but not “Digital India” (data).

Link to Original Article on Facebook is below (If it is still available there)

NGT Committee as (Im)Perfect Weapon

I had vowed not to write anything about NGT or justify anything about World Culture Festival 2016 (obviously good things need no justification) but have been reading about some blatant lies peddled by a so called empowered committee.

It was claimed that the Principal Committee was sent back when they came to inspect the ground visit after the event “before the handover”. This sounds ridiculously hollow and even someone with Pappu’s IQ would not believe that. Simply because, no one owns the Yamuna river bank and definitely not Art of Living.

What is the basis of the claim that AOL turned them away? Yet another attempt by these 2 penny activists masquerading as experts and got pitchforked into the committee to draw some attention to themselves. (more about why they should not be in the committee later in this post). We understand the importance of this craving for visibility – This is a subject of another post. Their source of funds! Shocking routing of funds.

To me, they could not recognize the World Culture Festival site and to their utter disbelief this place was unbelievably better than how they come to believe it should be. I guess they went to some other place and got turned away there.

AOL Handsover

This is how it was…. and these poor committee folks expected it to be worse…

Pre WCF-01

Pre WCF-02

Pre WCF-03

Pre WCF-04

Naturally they went with their GPS, Google maps alright but what they found to their disbelief was like this

Post WCF-01

Post WCF-02

Post WCF-03

Post WCF-06

Post WCF-07

So obviously they went looking for slush, lot of scraps and wastes which was simply not there. Principal committee whose mandate was to ascertain FACT, looked for FAULT to no avail.

On a serious note, let me place some facts that I am aware of – The Principal Committee of the NGT which came down for inspection of the WCF ground was not aware of their own letter dated April 1, 2016 which they had written to the NGT stating that they will start inspection only after The Art of Living vacates the site and DDA informing them after AOL hands over the site.

To their credit they agreed to leave when they were told of their own letter when they landed up at the site with “JCB Loader and Excavators” in tow to dig the ground.

Having stated whatever I have earlier, it is quite possible that some worker/volunteer could have denied them or even stopped them from using the Loader/Excavator. My two penny here – Already much has been falsely alleged against The Art of Living which is not true that nothing more should be allowed to happen pending handing over of the site to DDA in a condition better than how AOL took charge.

Now! What makes the motive of the Principal Committee who came unannounced with JCBs to WCF venue for inspection ahead of their own schedule. Does it take an Einstein brain to decipher that you don’t need a heavy duty land Excavator to collect soil for testing.

By the way, by their wanton act of opposition for opposition sake during the run up to the event, there was no reason for anyone to trust this Principal Committee who advanced ridiculous and blatantly untrue report claiming that the ground was shorn of hundreds of trees and packs of snakes were killed (I guess they referred to the reptilian crawling ones and not two legged most evolved mammals)

This was the part of the report (not a single statement in this is true):

“The entire area of the floodplain, no less than 50 to 60 hectares between the river and DND flyover, has been leveled flat. Small water bodies that existed earlier have been filled up. All natural vegetation, including reeds, has been removed. As a result, all birds and natural life that thrived before have vanished. Construction debris has been used to ‘compact’ the site. Besides, even most of the trees have been lopped or removed.”

Now for some legalities and principle of natural justice. A set of petitioners who filed a case on 13th January 2015 is today members of Principal Committee. Principles of natural justice demands there should be no bias and should be absolute neutral. How can an interested party be neutral (or seen to be neutral)? To recollect, Prof Gosain, Prof CR Babu, Prof Brij Gopal headed by Mr.Shashi Shekhar were part of the earlier NGT case. This definitely cannot find approval from scholars of Jurisprudence. How can we have an interested party with a definite bias advising the NGT? With benefits of hindsight, we also know this committee seen to have taken a pre-decided stand and visibly biased against the event and its organizers. This is evident by the methodology they adopted in determining the compensation. A mere visual assessment with no sampling or other scientific process to determine damage to the flood plain/ground and Lo! we have a magic number! Sorry! Not in this century. We are not in a Banana republic or living in medieval times to be subjected these kind of nonsensical judgments.

Finally, do I think AOL is being unjustly targeted in the entire issue, and the reasons are not far to seek. There are permanent structures on the floodplains since years, why has The Art of Living’s event which was a 3-day event for 3-4 hrs each day, been singled out for such unjustified scrutiny? None of the permanent structures – the DND flyway, Batla house, Millennium Bus Depot, Commonwealth games village, Delhi Secretariat, Sonia Vihar, have been fined or surgically attacked in this manner. It is clear that there are vested interests at play who have raised all sorts of wild and baseless allegations at AOL. Shouldn’t what applies to The Art of Living, be also made applicable to all others present on the floodplains? What kind of compensation has been obtained from them?

Personally, I feel that Art of Living have become victims of false propaganda. Time to expose those who stand to gain. And Expose will come.

I am still waiting for a answers from someone who claimed who Breathes Yamuna, Sleeps Yamuna, Walks Yamuna – Vimlendu Jha – The Swechha Foundation. Decided not to check out again. But for quite a while after some questions were raised, all the Transparency documents vamoosed from their website. Look at what this Commie Obstructionist replies

But we have traced the route of funding. Though opaque on their website, it is already TRANSPARENT with the authorities.

Finally! What exactly is Manoj Misra doing for the Yamuna? An armchair activist and obstructionist who have made a living by keeping Yamuna in this state . If he cares for Yamuna so much why has he taken any action to improve its condition till now. Read what Art of Living has done for Yamuna and many other river and water bodies in India here and more here

The malba (Construction Debris) has been lying on 25 acres of the floodplain since so long. Why did he not bother to remove the malba (Was he even aware?) Trace back on his activities thus far. Barring some rallies or raising a racket (worth the nuisance value and nothing more), filing petitions and waste Court/Tribunal time (even in case of WCF, barring criminal waste of Tribunal time, nothing was achieved) but doing nothing for the cause he espouses.


Akshardham Temple
Delhi Secretariat
Delhi Secretariat


Millennium Bus Depot
Millennium Bus Depot
Batla House
Batla House




What is common to all of the above? Definitely somehow who really cares for Yamuna would have done something about those mammoth permanent structures over 3000 sqkms on the Flood plains. Instead it is not an innocent attack on a 3 day 3-4 hour event that had temporary structures – There was something highly sinister. Who backed this rabble rouser? Why did they do that? Who gained by the unwarranted and malicious attack on a showpiece Cultural Olympics

Art of Living to me is a dignified organisation. I have been associated for 18 out its 35 years of existence. This largest volunteer based organization has been respected not because we talk, but walk that talk. Every project adopted in 155 countries are finally owned by the stakeholders and after initial handholding Art of Living moves on. Such vicious and “instigated” & “motivated” allegation by the likes of Mishra are damaging to an “Indian” worldwide organisation like The Art of Living. I hope AOL will not take this lying down and go after these Commie obstructionist so that they don’t raise their head and demean this great nation.

As Pujya Guru Dev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar always says, Stand up for what is right! Stand firm against injustice. Given them better than what we get (I add it)