Moksha Ranganatha Temple – Rangasthala

Rangasthala, near Chikkaballapura on NH7 around 60 kms from Bengaluru beyond Bengaluru’s Kempegowda International Airport in Devanahalli is abode of Sri Moksha Ranganatha Temple which is said to be more than 1000 years old.

Picture Courtesy: From a Local Devotee, Sri Srinivasa

Originally built by Hoysala architectural style, it was recently renovated by the contribution of devotees and with significant cultural contribution by ISKCON, Bengaluru. When I visited last in early 1990s, it was such a dilapidated state, and single time Pooja also was performed with lot of difficulty by the Archaka who lived in the premises. I had written about it on now defunct Yahoo 360. Many devotees, predominantly from Bengaluru took initiative and contributed to renovate and strengthen the structure, mainly erect a boundary wall, clean up the Kalyani (which was abandoned). It was then that little heard and less famous philanthropists and devotee from Bengaluru, Sri Konda Srinivasulu Reddy and Smt Konda Devesenamma,  took upon themselves to contribute and supervise construction of the exquisite Raja Gopura which was carried out under supervision of ISKCON, Bengaluru and subsequently consecrated in Presence of Madhu Pandita Dasa in August 2013

Sri Moksha Ranganatha Temple Rangasthala is situated in the Nandi Hills range and the local lore goes that if a devotee visits this temple after visiting the Adi Ranga in Srirangapatna, Madhya Ranga in Shimsha and Antya Ranga in Srirangam (TN), they will achieve Moksha (Liberation). The idol of Sri Ranganatha which is around 4.5 feet long is carved out of a single Saligrama Stone – the intricate carvings and detailing of the idol indicate the high level of skill possessed by the artisan of yore. It features Lord Vishnu resting on Adishesha in a reposing posture. The life-like vigraha with enchanting smile of Lord Vishnu is a sight to behold. With Vigrahas of Neeladevi and Bhoodevi at His service, Lord Vishnu is believed to be in Yoga Nidra and is exactly how He reposes in Vaikunta. It is also believed that Pratishta was performed at the same instant when Moorthis at Srirangapatna and Srirangam was installed.

Picture Courtesy: WWW

Another speciality of this temple is Bamboo Basket shaped Sanctum Sanctorum (Garbhagriha). The legend goes that Lord Rama after vanquishing Ravana, returned to Ayodhya to extreme delight of subjects and brother Bharata. Preparations were made for Pattabhishekha (Cornonation) of Lord Rama as the King in Ayodhya and Vibhishana also attended the coronation ceremony. As a return gift and token of appreciation for gracing the Pattabhisheka, Lord Rama handed over Lord Ranganatha’s Vigraha in a Bamboo Basket to carry it back to Lanka. Saptarishis will then plead with and convince Vibhishana to install the Idol of Lord Ranganatha with Neeladevi and Bhoodevi in Rangasthala. The sanctum sanctorum is in this shape to depict the bamboo basket for this reason

The view as soon as we enter the Raja Gopura
View of the Temple from the Rear
Another View of the Temple from the Rear left


Another feature of the temple architecture – As we do the circumambulation (Pradakshine) inside the Garbhagriha, we find a small window letting in sunlight. On the day of Makara Sankaranti (January 14/15 th), the sunrays falls directly at the feet of Lord Ranganatha. The precision with which the temple was built in those only proves the perfection of engineering in ancient India.

The Window through which sunlight enters the temple
Sunlight inside the Circumambulation path around the GarbhaGriha
Sunlight inside the Circumambulation path around the GarbhaGriha – Another opening in the Garbhagriha lets the light fall on the feet of the Deity


In the circumambulation path around the Garbhagriha, there are vigrahas of Lord Chakrath Alwar, Sri Ramanujacharya , Sri Vedanta Desikan and Nam Alwar (We were told by the Archaka that it is a rare Murthi and not found in any other place)

The Main Temple and GarbhaGriha. Note the Grilled Window Through which Sunrays enter


The Pushkarani (Shankha Teertha and Chakra Teertha)  itself is a sight to behold. The tanks after this picture was been clicked has since been desilted and cleaned up to receive rainwater this season (2019) and hopefully we have the requirements of the temple and the devotees met by this storage.

Sri Andal, Sri Lakshmi and Sri Ramanujacharya Temple

Inside the temple complex on the left of the main temple, there are temples dedicated to Sri Andal, Sri Lakshmi and Sri Ramanucharya (See picture above)

Feature of the entire temple complex is exquisite and intricate carvings on the pillars all around main temple as can be seen in the pictures below (A part of the collection that I have – I rather everyone visits this amazing temple and appreciate the work of art)

How to reach

From Bengaluru, drive till Chikkaballapur and take Chikkaballapur-Gauribidanur road (around 6 kms) till you reach Thippenahalli. Look for an arch with sign board leading to Rangasthala. For those interested, Muddenhalli, birth place of Sir M Vishweshwaraiah is also close by.

Om Namo Narayana

Gadidam Venkataramana Swamy Temple – 2nd Tirumala

ಏಕತ್ ಸುರಾ ಸುರಾಧೀಶ, ಮಾಳಿ ಮಾಲಾ ವಿಶೋಲಿತಂ
ಗಡಿದಂ ಶ್ರೀನಿವಾಸಸ್ಯದೇವ ದೇವೇಶ ಶಾಸನ್
Ekat surA surAdheesha, maaLi maala vishOlitaM
gadidaM shreenivAsasyadEva dEvEsha shAsan

The Main Dwara (Eastern Entrance)

Karnataka is popularly known as a land of art forms and of grand temples. Every place, every village has its own uniqueness and greatness. Some places have historical significance and are epitomesJ of permanent evidences for pre-historic events and anecdotes. One such place is Gadidam of Bagepalli Taluk in Chikkaballapura District (around 100 km north from Bengaluru city on Bengaluru-Hyderabad Highway)

There are references in the records that Gadidam Sri Venkataramana Swamy temple was built by Emperor Janamejaya who rule Bharata Khanda (Indian Sub-Continent) in the beginning Kali Yuga. Janamejaya is son of Pariskhit. Pariskhit is son of Abhimanyu, son of Arjuna. This proves the antiquity of this amazing temple.

PC: Sri Diwakaran

In one of the hunting expeditions, Parikshit forayed into the forest areas owned Maharshi Shrigu. By the grace of Maharshi Shrigu he was successful in his hunt. Tired of intense heat in the region, Parikshit was very tired and began searching for water and could never find any source. He then sights Maharshi Shrigu who was engrossed deeply in meditation. He approaches the sage and pleads for water but the penance of Maharshi was not disturbed and could never be awakened from meditation. Furious with this and disappointed with Maharshi not coming out of his medidation, Parikshit puts a dead snake found nearby, round Maharshi Shrigu’s neck and starts moving away.

Sri Rama Pattabhisheka
PC: Sri Diwakaran

Maharshi Shirgu’s son, Shrungi sees this and says, “You appear to be of a royal descent. What harm did my father to warrant putting a dead snake around his neck. I curse you that you will die of a poisonous snake bite within 7 days”.  Curse of realised Sages being powerful, Parikshit dies of snake bite immediately thereafter. Janamejaya who comes to know of this curse on his father, becomes livid over snakes and vows to seek revenge by wiping out the entire snake family from the earth. He begins the Sarpanasha Yagna (sacrificial fire installed and invoked to destroy serpents). Serpent kings like Lord Vishnu’s Adishesha, Lord Shiva’s Nagaraja and Elakruta,devotee of Lord Krishna seeks help of Gods. In the meanwhile, cores of snakes were getting consumed by Janamejaya’s sacrificial fire. A serpent king, Takshaka had sought refuge in Lord Indra. During when the chant Sarpayaga, “Sahendraya Takshakaya, Indraya Indra sameta Takshakaya swaha” was made, Takshaka along with Indra were also to be consumed by the fire. In order to protect himself, Lord Indra abandons Takshaka to save himself. Sage Astika then assumes form of a Brahmin boy scholar and seeks protection of Janamejaya, who offers to fulfil any of his wish. Astika then seeks to end the Sarpanasha Yagna right away, forgive the Nagas (Serpents)  and let them survive, thereby briging the Yagna to an end and any further destruction of the serpent race.


However, killing of so many serpents was sinful and as a Karmic retribution of Sarpa nasha (destruction of serpents) Janamejaya begins to suffers from Leukoderma/Vitilligo (Pandu Roga). Janamajeya seeks remedy for this from learned sages. Adishesha, on whom Lord Vishu rests, then advises that Janamejaya as a remedy to his ailment should build 101 Temples of manifestations (avataras) of Lord Vishnu. One of the 101 temples built and the one in the Dandakaranya is Gadidam Sri Venkataramana Swamy Temple.

Gadidam – Legend behind the name

As the story goes in Mahabharatas Shakuni schemed with Duryodhana to destroy Pandavas along with Kunti, by building House of Wax/lacquer (Lakshagriha) and setting it on fire when they were asleep. Pandavas were forewarned by Vidhura before Pandavas set out on the journey after Kauravas invited their cousins to visit a fair held there and also to live in the house for some time. Vidura tactfully, in the presence of the Kauravas, warned the Pandavas about the imminent danger in coded language:

  • A weapon not made of steel or any other material element can be more than sharp to kill an enemy, and1 he who knows this is never killed.
  • Fire cannot extinguish the soul but can annihilate the material body. But one who protects the soul lives.
  • The conflagration that devastates a forest cannot hurt a rat which shelters itself in a hole or a porcupine which burrows in the earth. The wise man knows his bearings by looking at the stars.”

Vidura also had a miner assisting Pandavas to create a secret underground tunner with its one mouth in the centre of the palace-house and the other mouth close to  Hill of Hidambhasura in Dandakaranya, which lies in the northern direction of the present Sri Venkataraman Swamy Temple. Pandavas lived for a full year in the house while the tunnel was being dug in secrecy and was completed in less than 6 months. The lakshagraha was to be burnt on an Amavasya night and when it was done, Pandavas escaped through the tunnel and emerged at the Hidambhasura Hills. While they were resting after the escape, Bhima stood guard for them while others fell fast asleep. Hidambasura who lived on the hills senses presence of Humans and orders his beautiful sister Hidambi to seek the humans, kill them and bring the flesh to him. Hidambi sees Bhima and was besotted to him. She forgot her brother’s orders and stood there forgetting herself and the time admiring Bhima. Hidambhasura worried about his sister not returning for a long time comes in search of her and finds well bodied Bhima there. He wanted to devour him but Hidami stops him and expresses her intention to marry Bhima. She pleads with him not to kill and consume Bhima which fell on deaf ears. Finally Bhima and Hidambhasura fights each other, at the end of which Bhima kills Hidambhasura. Roar during this fight wakes up Kunti and other Pandavas who see the gory sight. They also get Bhima married to Hidambi, to whom Ghatotkacha  was born in this place. Thus came the name Gadidam (gradual morphing from Ghatotkacha). On the southern side of Gadidam hill the Sanctum Sanctorum of the Temple for Lord Venkataramana was built by Janamejaya.

Speciality of the Deity’s Murti

On the stone ornamental arch surrounding the Moola Murti (Main installed Idol), there are carvings of Lord Vishnu’s Dashavataras (10 manifestations). Sudharshana Chakra towards the head region of Moola Murti. Like in the rear of the ornamental arch, it is replicated in the front and the form of Lord Venkataramana Swamy is carved. This is the speciality of this pratishta.

Kshetra Mahime (Temple Glory)

Post Mahabharata period, this temple fell into disuse and the Murti got covered by anthill and it remained so for thousands of years. During the reign of Cholas, the king remained childless for a long time. They undertook penance, performed many worships and finally begot two daughters. Both were extremely beautiful, talented, intelligent and possessed all positive virtues. However both had Kantaka Dosha (Ill effects of Saturn transitions) in their horoscope. Their marriage was getting delayed which worried the King a lot. One night, Lord Venkataramana Swamy of Gadidam appears in the King’s dream and instructs the king thus – “On the banks of river Chitravati, besides the ridge of Gadidam Hills, there is a temple dedicated to Me. It has only me installed and worshipped. As a remedy for the worries, as a remedy for the Kantaka Dosha of your daughters, you have to install & consecrate the murtis of Sri Bhooneela and Sri Lakshmi besides me. It has to be done on Vishaka Nakshatra (star) on the Full moon Day, in the Vaishaka and conduct a Bramha Rathotsava (Chariot festival). The King thus sets out to renovate and restore the temple, does as instructed by the Lord in his dreams. He also organises a grand Chariot festival which is one of the biggest events of this temple even to this date.

Present Day Temple

In the 14th Century, Harihara and Bukka of Vijayanagar Empire, unable to bear the torture of the enemy King Turushkula of the neighbouring Kingdom in present day Maharashtra move towards Hampi in Hospet Taluk of Bellary’s District. They see Sage Vidyaranya Swamy in deep meditation and penance on the banks of river Tunga Bhadra in Anegundi village. They prostrate before the learned Saint who then briefs them about the speciality of the place. Under the guidance and with grace of Sage Vidyaranya they build a beautify new town and calls it Hampi Vijayanagara. With the guidance of Vidyaranya they begin ruling the Vijayanagara kingdom. During their tour of the Kingdom, they worshipped in Lepakshi, Penukonda temples and arrive at Sri Bhooneeladevi and Sri Lakshmi Venkataramana Swamy temple in Gadidam.

Century Old Banyan Tree in the Background

They found that the temple was too small and they construct a huge courtyard/atrium (prangana), establish 4 Dwaras (Entry/Exits), Dwaja stambha (Flag Mast) and the Gopuras (Towers). This fact has been established by the epigraphs in the precincts.

Near the Southern Dwara there is an ancient Banyan Tree that has serpent shaped roots which is fascinating sight and is a possible indication of the History of this temple.

PC: Sri Diwakaran

On the street leading to Western dwara Vinta’s son Jarutanta stands in obeisance with folded hands in Namaskara praying to the Deity.

PC: Sri Diwakaran

The Eastern Dwarna or Entrance is newly built and the Gopura is 108 Feet tall. There are intricate carvings on this and it is a sight to behold. In front of this door is a gigantic statute of almost life like Lord Hanuman facing towards the Main Deity

The huge temple complex also houses the murits of Saptamatrikas.

PC: Sri Diwakaran

Gadidam Temple, known as the second Tirumala (Tirupati) is known for its remedy for those having Sarpa Dosha, Obstacles in getting married.

New Developments (as on 31/01/2019 when I went there)

A new Dwaja Stambha was being made and work was in progress. Expected to be completed and installed by the Bramhotsava time

PC: Sri Diwakaran


Daily Opening and closing time of Gadidam Venkateswara Temple
6:00 AM to 1:00 PM
5:00 PM to 8:00 PM

Festivals and special ritual day timing
6:00 AM to 8:00 PM.

Ways to Reach
The nearest town to the temple is Bagepalli. It is around 3 km away.

By Rail
Chikkaballapura Railway Station is 35 km away. Hindupura Railway Station in Andhra Pradesh is 50 km away.

By Air
Bengaluru Devanahalli Airport is around 50 kms away

Gadidam Shree Lakshmi Venkataramana Swamy Temple
Devaragudi palli
Mallasandra Post
Bagepalli Taluk
Chikkaballapura District
Pin: 561207

Some more Pictures

PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran
PC: Sri Diwakaran



#SaveSabarimalaTradition-Potency of Protest

Reproduced from Verbatim with permission from the author

An all out struggle which has the potency to develop into a no holds barred fight (JO MARJEE LADAAYEE) between the faithful community clinging to spiritual and traditional values and the rationalists bent upon breaking all existing norms has sprung now, from the month of October, 2018, in the entire state of Kerala, particularly in the approaches of Sabarimala hill area leading to the divine temple of LORD AYYAPPA. This struggle carries with it, the in-built potency to even obliterate the present constitution of India which was framed by a team, consisting of a majority of rationalists, presided over by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. We wish to enlighten the people of India in this matter, which is of transcendental nature. By going through this essay the readers would be able to develop an objective assessment without any sort of prejudice and finally arrive at a proper conclusion. Further, this would help Indian ethos to spiritually, socially and politically evolve towards the age old concept of RAMARAJYAM, the most ideal system of the rule of law. The people of India can ponder over this matter and feel highly rewarded.
Evolution of human intellect has two distinctive paths to progress. One is the Path of Faith and the other is the Path of Reason. The Path of Reason can take an individual to the border lines of reasoning capability in him or in her and not a millimetre beyond that. But life, in general, progresses very much beyond this border lines and finally, evolving further, extends into infinity. This becomes possible by following the Path of Faith alone.
There are innumerable riddles in front of the world of sensory perception, for most of which the Path of Reason has no satisfactory answers. At the same time, the Path of Faith has convincing answers for these riddles which are based on total faith in the Vedas of the Hindus. In fact, the Vedas (vast collections of knowledge) have come into being to enlighten humanity in all transcendental matters. The Smrutis (codes of conduct applicable to each and every individual belonging to various sections of society during different occasions) instituted by the near omniscient Seers (सर्वज्ञकल्पाः) like Manu, Yaagnyavalkya, and others which were put to practical application as Sutras by Bodhayana, Aapastamba and others are the codified essence of the Vedas and they become the extensions of the Vedas in guiding humanity. As time evolves steadily, application and modality ordained in each Smruti undergo a modification, a change in a small or great measure, to suit the requirement of the particular time and occasion, keeping the spirit behind the ordainment alone constant for all times. Cold water bath which is most welcome during summer would turn to be totally unwelcome during winter. This analogy is presented here to grasp the logic involved in this matter. This is the cause for the seeming difference in the ordainment in each Smruti. The ultimate aim of each Smruti is verily to keep India’s Sanatana Dharma, the eternal way of living, ever green and lively. As such, here lies the absolute necessity of FAITH in all spiritual matters. If one possesses a Saatvic (purified) intellect and maintains a positive approach everywhere, the injunctions would look to be wise and sane. The same injunctions would look to be insane, unjust and hostilely discriminative when interpreted with a Taamasic (mired) intellect coupled with a negative approach, towards everything, at the same time.
Faith alone takes humanity to the imperceptible and unknown realm of infinity. There is no room for Reason here. Total faith is nothing other than blind faith. By reasoning, no one can take his or her thinking process beyond the limits of the perceptible present which is the sensory realm. Mankind doesn’t know what or who one was before being born in this world and also what or who one would be after leaving this world of sensory perception. As such, if the rationalists stress that they would be convinced of anything through the faculty of perceptible reason alone, they won’t be able to evolve beyond a certain limit. The perceptible realm is always very limited and often misguiding and the imperceptible realm is static, infinite and eternal.
If we ponder over this matter repeatedly we can realise that one’s basic identity itself is existing in total faith and not in reason at all. No sensible person would go to a genetic test centre to get convinced of one’s real parentage, i.e. of which male’s blood he or she actually is. Faith in the mother’s statement alone provides here the necessary satisfaction for every individual. As such, it is evident that mankind is evolving through the Path of Faith alone and not through the Path of Reason, from day one of life.
Physics declares that there is no effect without its appropriate cause. Life on Earth is the effect of an appropriate cause that was generated in the past. Similarly the present life will have its appropriate effect in the future also. One can only infer how an individual would have lived during one’s previous existence from its present perceptible effect which is reflecting as incidents (both welcome and bitter) in one’s present life. Similarly, the present life would become the cause for future existences. As such, it becomes totally foolish for anyone to say that “I would believe and accept the perceptible present existence alone and nothing beyond than that”.
Religion is exactly similar to a torch light for humanity to evolve in total darkness i.e. intellectual gloom. Beings other than mankind don’t need religion as they don’t possess the faculty of discrimination to judge which would turn for the ultimate good or bad. Their fundamental requirements are to eat well, to pass the time in recreation and to engage in procreation. Beyond this they don’t seem to have a meaning for life. If humanity thinks that it doesn’t need Religion, which is based on total FAITH, and requires the path of Reason alone to progress and evolve in life, it degrades itself to the level of quadrupeds. Strict observance of religion alone makes a distinction between mankind and the rest. Now let us proceed to the Sabarimala issue.
There exists a legend in the Puranas, the mythological collections of the Hindus, concerning Lord Ayyappa. He happens to be the offspring of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu who assumed the form of a female to achieve a specific purpose. Vishnu assumed the form of a world bewitching damsel to delude and bewitch the Asura community, representing the dark forces of destruction, who are basically rationalists and materialists.
Once upon a time, on the advice of Lord Vishnu, the Devata community, the heavenly inhabitants, joined hands with the Asuras and toiled hard in churning the ocean of milk to obtain the symbolic Amrita, the rejuvenating tonic, an elixir, which would make the consumers immortal, in a sense. Finally when the pot of Amrita surfaced, the Asuras forcibly snatched the pot as they happen to be stronger in muscular power and fled away from the sight of the Devas in a trice. Hearing the laments and prayers of the Devata community, Vishnu, out of compassion for Devas, assumed the form of a world bewitching damsel, viz. Mohini, and won back the pot of Amrita from the Asuras through a clever scheme of intrigue, bewitching and stupefying them for a while, making them believe that she had verily fallen in love with them, through her enchanting form, sweet voice, captivating looks coupled with dancing steps and finally through her pretention of serving the ambrosia equally among the Devas and the Asuras. She finally served the elixir of immortality to the Devas alone in front of the very eyes of the stupefied Asura community. It took a little while for the Asura community to realise what was actually happening and when they finally realised the intrigue, it was too late for them to even trace the trail of the juggler. This story is mentioned in most of the Puranas similarly.
When Lord Shiva expressed to Lord Vishnu, his strong desire to perceive this enchanting form of Mohini, Vishnu verily acceded to appear in front of Shiva in the same form, once again. The form of Mohini was so enchanting for Shiva to make him lose his mental equipoise temporarily which resulted in Shiva embracing Mohini irresistibly. Finally this resulted in the ejaculation of semen, even in the case of Shiva who is known as one who has overcome his lust. Krishna says in Bhagavad-Geeta मम माया दुरत्यया which means that his deluding potency is invincible. Shiva was no exception to this statement in Geeta. Without getting wasted, this seminal energy got collected in a reed and subsequently Lord Ayyappa was born as a test tube baby.
This Spirit of Lord Ayyappa is presiding over the Sabarimala hill area. Lord Ayyappa’s first manifestation could be around the closing century of B C or the early century of A D. Bhagavatpaada Shankara has made a reference to Lord Ayyappa in his devotional hymn of शिवपादादि-केशान्त-वर्णन-स्तोत्रम्. There he mentions Lord Ayyappa as भूतभर्ता ruler or controller of all beings in the matter of upholding Dharma unflinchingly. In the same sense Lord Ayyappa is called Dharma Shaastaa (धर्मशास्ता) also. Lord Ayyappa thrusts upon all beings equally the Dhaarmic way of life, punishing the offenders in the process to maintain justice on Earth. The verse in the hymn is presented.
आरूढः प्रौढवेग – प्रजवित – पवनं तुङ्ग – तुङ्गं तुरङ्गं
चेलं नीलं दधानः करतल-विलसत्-काण्ड-कोदण्ड-दण्डः |
राग-द्वेषादि – नानाविध – मृगपटली – भीतिकृद् – भूतभर्ता
कुर्वन्नाखेटलीलां निवसतु मनः – कानने मामकीने ||
“Let the great God, the ruler of all beings, the unflinching dispenser of Dharma, mounted on a horse of a mammoth height and size capable of eclipsing even the wind-speed, adorning black cloth around his waist and upper body, holding bow and arrows in his hands, reside in the thick jungles of my mental realm, exhilarating in sport and pastime of hunting and in the process driving away the hostile wild animals residing there in the form of lust, greed, wrath, likes, dislikes, sensuality and all sorts of other vices.”
The name, Ayyappa, originated in the ancient Tamil language. Its usage became common in Malayalam language ever since its evolution into a separate language from Tamil, somewhere around A D 1200. Malayalam is the offspring of Tamil-mother and Sanskrit-father. The name of Ayyappa is derived from the Sanskrit word, Arya (आर्यः) meaning Acharya (आचार्यः) i.e. Guru or preceptor which would become Ayya (அய்யா) or Ayyan (அய்யன்) in the slanted version of Tamil. The same word, in an endearing sense of a pet child, became Ayyappa, as he manifested as an endearing and captivating infant of great lustre. He is also called Manikandan as he was found wearing a rare gem of invaluable worth over his neck at the time of his appearance on the bank of the Pampa river. The word Mani denotes a gem in Sanskrit and it is mistaken for a ringing bell made out of bell metal or bronze in Tamil Nadu.
The ruler of Pandalam kingdom accidentally came across this orphaned and abandoned child in Sabarimala hill area, on the bank of the Pampa river, during a course of his hunting expedition and brought the child to his palace with great compassion and care. Ayyappa became the adopted son of the king after undergoing a formal ritual for adoption. He was fostered with great affection by the king who was anguished by the terrible misfortune of childlessness till then. After this adoption, the king’s better half conceived and gave birth to a son in quick succession.
When the question of inheriting the throne arose after about 18 years, the queen was ill-advised by her coterie to eliminate, by any means, the adopted son who was elder and as such, the rightful inheritor to the throne, so that the son born out of her womb would inherit the throne. This was actually against the wishes of the king who wanted Ayyappa to become his heir apparent. To eliminate Ayyappa from this world of mortals a well planned intrigue was contrived by the coterie. According to that, the queen started pretending to be suffering from a serious ailment, almost unbearable in its nature, for which the remedy was prescribed by the prearranged royal physician as tigress-milk. The king was shocked to hear this prescription as tigress-milk was almost unthinkable for anyone to obtain.
At this juncture, the son, Ayyappa came forward, with youthful vigour, valour and exuberance coupled with unshakable determination, raring to go to the thick jungles to get the tigress-milk, against the prevention and wishes of his foster father, the king. In quick time he returned from the jungle with a vast herd of the big cats viz. the tigers, males, females and cubs, Himself mounted on the back of a ferocious looking tiger of a mammoth size. He stated without even alighting from his seat, on the back of the tiger, facing the big gathering assembled in the courtyard of the palace, that anyone among them could extract the milk from the udder of any suckling tigress, without the slightest fear, as they were fully friendly and domesticated like the cows.
On hearing these words, the queen fell unconscious instantly while the coterie remained trembling in fear, as they had no means to save themselves from the consequences of their treacherous design. Ayyappa, on the other hand, instead of showing any ill will towards the coterie and the queen, magnanimously pardoned them for their wrong doing and told the king that his Karma to remain as prince in the palace was over then and there and he was to concentrate thereafter on his eternal mission of redeeming the sinners, infusing optimism and confidence into various kinds of anguished and misery-stricken people, wiping out their tears, thereby uplifting the entire downtrodden masses (like Jesus Christ did in the past) irrespective of their religion, status, cast, creed and community, whose number would swell into gigantic proportions in the ensuing period. He told the king to meet Him in His eternal abode, in Sabarimala, where the shrine remains now.
Uttering these words of benediction, Ayyappa retreated to His hilly abode in Sabarimala, where He remains in his astral form. There, he has appeared in his luminous astral form many a time to bless His devotees, as promised earlier. These days, He appears as pure luminosity on the 1st day of the month of Makara (Capricorn) coinciding usually with the 14th of January. He, Himself, instituted all the disciplines for daily, seasonal and annual worship to be followed in the temple. Sabarimala-Ayyappa’s riding car came to be known as a tiger after these thrilling incidents. Throughout Kerala, Ayyappa is worshipped as riding a tiger. In Tamil Nadu and elsewhere the riding car of Ayyappa remains a horse as it used to be before His manifestation in Sabarimala. In Tamil Nadu He is called as Dharma Shaastaa or Ayyanaar, the respectful version of Ayyan.
In Tamil Nadu, each and every village would have an Ayyanaar temple. Here, He is generally worshipped as a guardian deity of the village disciplining the inhabitants from transgressing Dharma, the ethical and moral standards. In Sabarimala, Lord Ayyappa assumes the fully Saatvic (purified) aspect of Sadguru, imparting the eternal wisdom, the knowledge of the Self, exactly like Lord Dakshinamurti, by holding His right palm and fingers in the sign of CHINMUDRA (चिन्मुद्रा) generally used to steady and introvert the wandering mind and guiding it to the transcendental state of Samadhi.
In the Sabarimala sanctum sanctorum, Lord Ayyappa remains as an eternal celibate. As He observes celibacy in thought, word and deed, the enormous power generated in the temple and in the vicinity of Sabarimala becomes highly detrimental to the interests of women wishing to conceive and beget children. Their menstrual cycles, the amount of bleeding during menses and finally their fecundity get terribly disturbed resulting in the total ruin of their reproductive system which would definitely reflect in their mental health also by visiting Sabarimala Temple. This is the actual reason for prohibiting women in the age group of 10 to 50 in Sabarimala Temple. There is no hostile discrimination against women in this matter. It is for the benefit of women alone, that this discipline is instituted in Sabarimala pilgrimage. Without grasping these subtle matters in detail, the Women Liberation Activists, who are professionals, fight vehemently for gender equality with the male population to visit Sabarimala Temple. Naturally, it makes one smell some hidden agenda (machinations behind the curtain, prompted by agencies committed to destroy Hindu Religious Faith completely) in their obstinate move to break all the conventions practised in the Sabarimala temple as in the case of the earlier fight against Jelli-Kattu, the martial sport and pastime of the exuberant youths, belonging to the warrior class of society, in Tamil Nadu, where the institution of PETA are said to have acted as the informal agents of the manufacturers of agricultural machinery in America and Europe. If there would be no Jelli-Kattu, there would be no purpose in rearing and maintaining the bulls in top condition. In that case, the same bulls which are supposed to beget the cattle for agriculture would be sent to butchery and they would become extinct steadily thereafter.
In the Sabarimala case, the Supreme Court gave their verdict in favour of the professional activists, hurting very severely the sentiments and confidence of the faithful Hindu community who are also the majority community in India. The judges say that they are more concerned to implement the gender equality than sticking to the conventional observances of the faithful community. This adherence to equality is exactly similar to maintaining precisely equal length in all the fingers in both the hands, no matter it might require cutting off some length in the longer fingers. Gender equality cannot be achieved by any reformer or any judge in the empirical realm, how much so ever great one would be. Equality is possible in the realm of Atman or Spirit alone. In the realm of matter there would be only inequality to whichever direction one would turn. As Spirits all are equal and as individuals identifying with the body, all are ever unequal. Males and females are born in this world for achieving different purposes. There is no superiority or inferiority in this matter. When both are put together, then only, it becomes a single wholesome unit like द्रव्य the matter and गुण its attribute. The attribute cannot be separated from the matter. Kalidasa says in the beginning of his immortal Rhetoric of Raghuvamsa that Siva and Parvati ever remain as a single wholesome unit like a word and its meaning when he says वागर्थाविव सम्पृक्तौ. The judges of the Supreme Court should have shown more objectivity and commonsense in this case. Strangely, the Muslim and Christian communities of Kerala are also supporting the believers of the Hindu community. 99.99 per cent of Kerala women, irrespective of religious affiliations, desist from undertaking the pilgrimage to Sabarimala.
When Supreme Court delivered the verdict, the spirit of equality was totally forsaken by the judges holding on fast to the skeleton aspect alone. Actually, holding on to the spirit aspect, should have been of paramount importance to the judges. To protect the spirit aspect, if the skeleton aspect had to be ignored, in some cases, it would not have been wrong at all. This verdict would make the believers to lose their confidence and faith in our very Constitution, in the matter of obtaining Justice.
To understand the logic behind the age old practice in Sabarimala, all the readers are requested to go through the Blog Site maintained by a highly educated woman, Maitri by name, engaged in the research of menstrual periods of women for the past nine years. She is very popular in Karnataka through her educating mission. Her write up remains highly welcome, informative and reformative among all classes of women, possessing the stamp of personal experience. The Women Liberation Activists (who are verily professionals) fighting for equality in the matter of Sabarimala Darshan should definitely go through her Blog Site to feel greatly rewarded. The link to her Blog Site is given hereunder for everyone’s enlightenment and the accruing benefit thereafter.
Ayyappa’s story is very famous in the entire length and breadth of Kerala and need not be gone through in greater detail than it is done now at this juncture. There are many more legends with regard to Lord Ayyappa and the holy shrine of Sabarimala. Lord Ayyappa’s vanquishing and subsequently transforming Mahishi, a female of mass following (probably encouraging and promoting polyandry in those days) in those areas, and Vaavar, the colloquial version of Babar, a Muslim forest brigand like Veerappan of 20th century in Tamil Nadu, are some of the noteworthy legends sung in the form of folklore among Ayyappa devotees. Ever since their transformation by Ayyappa, they became immortalised and are given their places of pride in the scheme of things in Sabarimala. The Spirits of both of them are installed and formally consecrated within the ambit of Sabarimala hills, the first one’s Spirit remains somewhat close to Ayyappa’s sanctum sanctorum by the name of Maalikappurattamma and the second one’s Spirit remains in the little faraway place called Erumeli, the starting point of Sabarimala pilgrimage. The pilgrimage to Sabarimala shrine attains completion and fruition only after paying obeisance in front of their sanctum sanctorum also. How magnanimous and forgiving Ayyappa remains even towards His adversaries!
In front of Lord Ayyappa all are equals in letter and spirit. During the pilgrimage all dine side by side, all rest alike spreading a cloth or sheet on the ground in the wilderness of the thick jungles, observing the greatest virtue of sacrificing one’s own comfort for others’ sake with spontaneity and joy. There is no discrimination of religion, cast, creed, community, language and race here. No untouchability is involved among devotees here. All stand in the same queue, formed at times for miles, waiting for their turn of Darshan of the Lord. There is no preferential Darshan here for the highly influential. There is no Darshan on payment also. All differences are forgotten, at least for the time being, till the formal completion of the pilgrimage when all the devotees would return to their native places and remove the rosary from around their necks, which they started wearing at the commencement of their vow. This pilgrimage teaches humanity to live in peace, harmony and brotherhood in this world, renouncing all hostility. Even the hostile wild animals, tigers and elephants, residing in those thick jungles do not harm the pilgrims, the symbolic different forms of Lord Ayyappa Himself, provided they have not violated the disciplines to be observed during the course of the vow, lasting about 45 days. This is the evidence of the great power remaining behind the virtues of truth, sacrifice, morality, non-violence and universal love. The power of virtues are capable of moving even mountains.
Muslim clerics are looking after the sanctum sanctorum of Vaavar at Erumeli from good old times and they are distributing the MAHAA-PRASAADAM, the sacred ash, by their own hands and all the Hindus are receiving it with great humility and reverence. Can anyone show even a remote parallel to this pilgrimage anywhere in the rest of the world? There is no need of any conversion into another religious faith if the spirit behind this pilgrimage is perceived properly. If all can live in harmony for at least 45 days forgetting all the differences why can’t it be extended for the whole year which would get extended thereafter to all times? Oh, the respectful class of judiciary, please try to understand the great pilgrimage to Sabarimala shrine in its true perspective. Please desist from giving such verdicts which would promote disharmony alone in our society. India is predominantly a land of gods and believers in gods. Please don’t disturb the harmony of this sacred land. Please try to practically understand the enormous benefits accruing from this pilgrimage, by observing the spiritual disciplines under the formal guidance of a Guru Swami and finally by going to Sabarimala during a pilgrim season, at least once in your life time. Please don’t give a judgement favouring the professional activists, the nonbelievers, who are not at all required to go to Sabarimala. Please don’t enthuse the professional activists to register more and more success in achieving their hidden agenda of destroying Hinduism.
Lord Ayyappa’s manifestation as an infant child in Sabarimala hill area should have been after Shankara’s time who belongs to the 7th century A D. We need not delve deeper into the symbolic story connected with Lord Ayyappa to grasp the core issue involved in this matter. This much is mentioned here to enlighten everybody that Lord Ayyappa is an extraordinarily powerful Spirit, totally benign in nature, residing in Sabarimala hills and this is evident from the number of devotees thronging to that shrine every year from all over the world. It was calculated as around 5 crores during the year 2017.
There is a lot of symbolism involved in the mythological collections of the Hindu Religion. First of all, symbolic statements are to be understood as neither facts nor fictions. It is like concealing a medicine in a capsule. The patient need not know what is concealed in the capsule to get cured of the disease. Faith in the doctor’s diagnosis and prescription alone would be sufficient in this matter. Similarly symbolic statements are powerful enough to touch the heart directly and to make an indelible impression, thereby transforming the individual. By so doing they become quite capable of achieving the ultimate objective of the statements. The explicit language used in any statement agreeable to intellectual logic is generally understood and accepted as factual statements by the rationalists. These statements cannot achieve the objective which the statements loaded with symbolism are capable of achieving. Symbolic view is like perceiving anything differently like perceiving our Globe Earth from the earth-satellite moon when it looks like a whirling colossal sapphire stone embedded with gold in many places. The portion of ocean would look like sapphire stone and the portion of land would look like embedded gold. Even though the Earth is the same it can be perceived differently. This is the spirit behind the liberal usage of symbolic language in the entire mythological literature in Hinduism.
In the proceedings of arguments raised by the legal fraternity in the Supreme Court, representing the believers, minor issues were only raised repeatedly leaving the core spirit of the matter untouched. Lord Ayyappa in Sabarimala doesn’t get disturbed if women aged between 10 to 50 go there and stand in front of His sanctum sanctorum. “What is the sin involved here or cause for disqualification on the part of women, if they happened to menstruate in front of Lord Ayyappa during the pilgrimage, which is actually not in their control?” This matter was repeatedly raised during the course of arguments by the lawyers representing the nonbelievers. It has been convincingly explained in the previous paragraphs that this practice of barring young women is followed in Sabarimala, exclusively for the benefit of women devotees. There is no discriminative agenda against women in this matter.
The Vratam or vow for the pilgrimage is undertaken at least 41 days before commencing the pilgrimage. The pilgrims should do this under the guidance of a Guru Swami, the preceptor and guide in this case. They should even avoid the food prepared and served by women, maintaining strict celibacy. In olden days (till 1947), to avoid the nearness of women (which would turn for the benefit of both) they used to reside in temporary out-houses during the period of their vow, eating food prepared by their hands after undergoing ablutions and prayers during both twilights. Mortification of the sensory organs remains to be so strict that for all practical purposes they would consider themselves as mendicant monks during those days of penance. By undergoing all these acts of penance they generate so much of spiritual power in them and in the vicinity of their presence and dwelling. It would be only natural if they happened to succumb to temptations when young women also walk side by side with them in heckling and squeezing conditions, during the course of the pilgrimage. It takes two days’ trekking from Erumeli through thick jungles to reach Pampa, the basement spot of the hill. In those jungles the pilgrims would be required to spend one or two nights in rainy condition, fearing hostile wild animals, without proper food, without a proper place to rest or even to stretch the limbs of the body and finally without toilet and ablution facilities. How can one expect the women to withstand all these extremely bitter adversities? The activists should realise that Sabarimala is not a picnic spot or a recreation centre, specially known for its five star hotels with inbuilt merry-making nightclubs, gambling dens, etc. like Miami Beach, Florida, in U.S.A. or the city of Paris in France.
An inert metal piece, an idol cast of an alloy of five metals, cannot attract such a large number of devotees and make them feel rewarded and keep them constantly satisfied. There exist crores of devotees who have taken the vow of celibacy and other required disciplines connected with Sabarimala pilgrimage and who have visited the hilly shrine 18 times and even more during their life time. Their numbers are only increasing as time evolves.
One of the five judges who gave the verdict, remaining a member of the constitution bench, wrote that a deity has no fundamental rights. Only the human beings in the form of pilgrims or visitors can have fundamental rights. As such, the deity, i.e. Lord Ayyappa in this case, has no right in setting up the standards for the pilgrimage. If this is to be accepted as correct, in the light of religious beliefs, Lord Ayyappa has to be considered as an inert entity without any Chaitanyam i.e. life force in Him, thereby remaining there as just an object of a metal piece. When it is strongly believed and accepted by the class of faithful devotees that even hillocks like Arunaachala and Palani in Tamil Nadu have a force field around them radiating Chaitanyam, life force, this verdict becomes a stab on the back of the class of faithful devotees. The great seer, Ramana Maharshi, has stated that he could visualise the hill of Arunaachala as a vibrant Spirit which forcibly robbed the individual free will in him and thereafter made him an eternal brain deranged mendicant. This is clear in his famous composition named அக்ஷரமணமாலை, the sweet smelling garland of letters composed in the alphabetical order as an offering to Lord Arunaachala.
Any verdict delivered by a court of law and justice should be welcome and also convincing to the unprejudiced class of nobles. Further, the judgment should not create disharmony in the society leading to pitched battles between the believers and the non-believers. This verdict is welcome to the class of rationalists alone who are not required to visit the hilly shrine at all. To wound the sentiments of the believers and to belittle the deity in Sabarimala, the rationalists confess one fine morning, suddenly, that they have become believers and they should be allowed into the shrine as per their whims and fancies, i.e. without observing any vow of celibacy and other disciplines for 41 days. The logic that remains here is that the moment they confess they have become believers requiring to visit Sabarimala shrine, they become automatically bound by the injunctions of the hilly shrine which says that women between the age of ten and fifty should not visit the shrine. In this matter it is to be informed to all concerned alike that all the rules of worship at Sabarimala are instituted by Lord Ayyappa, Himself. No one else has any right whatsoever to introduce any change or modification in the conventions observed there. All these standards are maintained through the medium of a TANTRI, the permanent overseer and spiritual guide appointed by the custodian of the temple, Pandalam Raja, to look after all spiritual matters concerning Sabarimala Temple.
As per legend, Lord Parashuraama, before retiring (renouncing all activities) into the eastern ghat ranges of Mahendragiri, near the present Rajahmundry in Andhra Pradesh, as an act of प्रायश्चित्त i.e. atonement for eliminating a vast population of unrighteous (क्षत्रियाः), warrior class of men, reclaimed and founded the narrow strip of landscape which is called as Kerala today from the Arabian Sea. He threw away His deadly weapon, the axe, into the Arabian Sea, never to engage in any sort of warfare thereafter. Subsequently the sea retreated to that extent where the axe fell and a narrow landscape sprung there from Gokarana (in Karnataka) in the north to Kanyakumari (in Tamil Nadu) in the south. It was obligatory and customary on His part to bring all classes of people from elsewhere to reside in this newly created piece of land. By doing that only the ritual of atonement would attain fruition. For this purpose He brought all classes of people from other areas like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and even from the far away state, Gujarat.
The Brahman-family of Thazhaman Potti, who are the TANTRIS in Sabarimala, were among those migrants settled in Kerala who originally belonged to Andhra Pradesh. This could be grasped from their names which are similar to Telugu names viz. Kandararu, Mohanaru, Rajivaru, etc. They were duly appointed as TANTRIS by the Ruler of Pandalam Kingdom, the rightful custodian of Sabarimala Temple, considering their life of penance and intuitive knowledge. Lord Ayyappa gladly consented to this appointment and everything went on smoothly for centuries.
During earlier days when the human intellect, in general, had not corrupted to the present level, the appointed TANTRIS in Sabarimala Temple could act as medium of Lord Ayyappa. During the present days, when all people are groping in darkness alike, with regard to transcendental matters, due to the overwhelming influence of TAMO GUNA (resulting in mired intellects and total ignorance of one’s own Self) Lord Ayyappa’s will and wish in all matters concerning Sabarimala Temple and the age old pilgrimage are obtained through a formal ritual called DEVAPRASNAM.
The ritual of DEVAPRASNAM is based on the horary branch of astrology, by erecting an astrological chart for that particular moment, combined with the vast wisdom obtained through Nimitta Shaastra, the science concerning omens and all other happenings taking place at the spot of the ritual, at that particular time. A team of TANTRIS from all over Kerala or even outside, engaged in long drawn out penance, conduct this ritual with their intuitive knowledge. The science of occultism includes in itself all the subtle details of this matter. Idol worship in India is part of this science of occultism. A bare naked eye would not be able to comprehend any bacteria or germ in any object but with the help of a microscope it would be able to do it. Similarly the mired average intellect would not be able to comprehend the subtle principles and secrets behind these occult matters. A Saatvic (purified) intellect, through austerity and through leading a life of long drawn out penance, would be able to grasp the nuances involved in this matter directly. To provide such occult information, the different religious faiths, all over the world, have come into being. In India, the Sanatana Dharma (the eternal way of living) which is known as Hindu Religious Faith, has come into being from an untraceable beginning point in time. It is our duty to follow the religious injunctions with utmost sincerity to feel greatly rewarded and thereafter to remain in a state of eternal joy and contentment.